In the second half of the sixties, the sedan range from Fiat undergoes a thorough renovation. In the middle segment the Italians launch the Fiat 1966 in 124, a year later the higher positioned and larger Fiat 125 follows. And it combines modernity with conventional technology. Nevertheless, it is increasingly regarded as revolutionary during its lifetime.
The Fiat 125 sees the light of day in the spring of 1967. The middle class car designed by Dante Giacosa appears to have some special applications. One of the features that puts the Fiat 125 on the map is the beautiful, 90 HP, 1608 cc engine with two overhead camshafts. The engine, developed under the direction of Aurelio Lampredi, is a jewel of a power source and a novelty in the volume medium class segment. The camshafts are driven by a plastic toothed belt, an application that was increasingly used by manufacturers in the XNUMXs. When it comes to safety, Fiat uses the increasingly popular crumple zones at the front and rear. The braking system (power-assisted, brake discs all around) also contributes to the safety experience.
Modern lines, conventional chassis
The body design is in keeping with the zeitgeist. The coach stands out because powerful lines, subtle curves and excellent proportions have been forged into a tasteful whole in an Italian artistic way. The twin headlights and subtle finishing details betray character and subtly get under the skin. The undercarriage, on the other hand, is based on the old model. Predecessor Fiat 1500 is the starting point in this area. The rigid axle with semi-elliptical leaf springs is one of the things that the 125 takes over from its predecessor, adding a conventional starting point to the modern sixties design. That also applies to the chassis that the 125 inherits from its predecessor.
Criticism disappears into background
The Fiat 125 is well received, although there are sounds left and right accusing Fiat of laziness. “Fiat is making it easy by merging parts from existing models into a new model,” say the skeptics. These critical noises soon fade into the background because of an excellent and luxurious equipment level, the engine character, the driving characteristics and practicality.
Magical 100 HP limit: the Fiat 125S
And the image of the Fiat 125 gets an extra boost when Fiat announces the 1968 S (Special) in 125. That's not just a more luxurious version of the ordinary 125. Due to engine adjustments, the S also reaches the magical limit of 100 HP, and such power for a four-cylinder engine was absolutely not common in those years. With the modified power source, the Fiat accelerates to a top of 175 kilometers per hour. To curb speed, Fiat mounts the separate braking system with double servos on the 125S. In addition, this version gets a five-speed gearbox as standard. Things like Cromodora alloy wheels are just a few of the extras on the delight-filled option list.
603.877 Italian copies
The Fiat 125 undergoes few exterior modifications during its career. However, for model year 1970, the regular 125 will be replaced in some markets and the 125S will be changed in 1970. This is especially visible in the modified bumpers (without rosettes), the grille and the units that house the sidelights and the direction indicators. He also gets larger rear light units and upgrades take place in the interior. It is also optionally available with an automatic gearbox. From now on, the 125 S will go through life as a 125 Special and it will be built until 1972. Then the Italian 125 book - after a production of 603.877 copies - closes. The 132 succeeds the 125 Special, but will never get the praise that Fiat has managed to harvest with its predecessor. In fact, the 125 gains admiration after the world gets acquainted with its (unfortunately) underrated successor.
License and own creations
Elsewhere in the world, the Fiat 125 is built under license (and modified form) or simply produced for a longer period of time. The Polski Fiat 125 is of course known. In Yugoslavia it rolls off the production line as Zastava 125. The 1982 is also built in Egypt and Argentina (until 125). Furthermore, the basis of the car lends itself in Italy for your own creation. The body shops Vignale and Moretti build beautiful coupés based on the strong base of the 125.