In 1977 the world became acquainted with the station wagon variant of the W123: the Mercedes-Benz S123. The T-model will be made public at the IAA in Frankfurt. Like the W123 sedan, the presentation of the 'Mercedes-T' unleashes high demand, leading to long delivery times. Production starts in Bremen in 1978. It is the beginning of an era in which no one at Mercedes-Benz is in any doubt about the importance of a Combi variant within the model range.
Three years after the Mercedes-Benz management gives the green light for the development of a luxury five-door station wagon, production starts. In May 1978 in the old Borgward factories in Bremen-Sebaldsbrück, series production of the W123 Kombi is started, which comes with a smaller engine range than the sedan brother. The Mercedes-Benz S123 – the first station developed by Mercedes-Benz itself – debuts with a delivery program consisting of the 230 T, the 250 T, the 280 TE, the 240 TD and the 300 TD. The smallest six-cylinder of the T models (the T stands for Touristik and Transport) is the first to clear the field. In August 1982 the variant propelled by the M123 V25 engine came to an end.
Meanwhile, the delivery program on the other hand has expanded. In 1980, the T model series welcomed the 200 T and the 230 TE. The 300 TD Turbodiesel also sees the light of day. The basis is formed by the trusted OM 617 five-cylinder diesel engine. This will be expanded with the 'Garret Air Research' turbocharger. The engine – officially called OM 617 D 30 A – produces 125 horsepower and accelerates to a top speed of 165 kilometers per hour. A 4-speed automatic transmission is coupled to the engine. Initially, the Turbodiesel was not qualitatively calculated on the European speed standards, so that the necessary start-up problems arose.
Transport and leisure function
The Mercedes-Benz S123 shares many technical components with the sedan. The transport and leisure function is demonstrated by the large amount of (variably divisible) luggage space and the standard roof rails (from the summer of 1978), which are elegantly arranged on the long body of the Mercedes station be confirmed. Bearing in mind Mercedes-Benz, there are of course numerous options available. Functionally, the possibility to expand the S123 with two child seats is striking. In addition, the new Mercedes stations come with hydropneumatic level control as standard on the rear.
High level finish
From the outset, Mercedes-Benz positions the S123 as “Edelkombi”. The emphasis is placed on lifestyle and quality. Not a single piece of bare metal is visible in the Benz and the finish is of a high standard on all levels. It contributes significantly to the image of luxury Combi variants. An image that has already been fruitfully nourished thanks to, among other things, the Break/Family models from Peugeot and the combis from Volvo. In any case, the customer appreciates the arrival of the Mercedes-Benz S123.
Almost 200.000 units built, 250 T now the most wanted
A total of 1978 units of the Edelkombi were built from May 1986 to January 199517 1980. The 230 TE, introduced in 250, is the most sold. The first “einggestellte” 123 T the most wanted. Whichever variant rolls off the production line in Bremen: the SXNUMX, which, in cosmetic and technical terms, receives the same retouches as the sedan (and to a slightly lesser extent the coupé) during its lifetime, is the definitive founder of a new body style at Mercedes-Benz. benz. Because the station models have been indispensable for the German brand since the second half of the XNUMXs.
All images are from Daimler AG