He hadn't heard of it himself either. Our international auto detective and broker Jan Kurty. But when he got the search he got to work. And he found one. An IAME Justicialista, one of 167.
The Institec Justicialista was produced by the government of Argentina from 1954 to 1955 through IAME (Industrias Aeronáuticas y Mecánicas del Estado). They wanted to shape the Argentinian car industry. The Institec Justicialista had a front two-stroke two-cylinder model of DKW and was front-wheel drive. At the urging of General Juan Domingo Perón to have a sports car version made, a two-seat fiberglass version was available as a coupe or roadster, powered by a 1,5-liter air-cooled Porsche four-cylinder engine and a Porsche four-speed gearbox that drives the front wheels.
After Peron's end
When General Perón was deposed in 1955, the project was abandoned, leading to the gradual disappearance of the Justicialista. But the car remained 'important' because of its symbolic value to Argentina.
The car's body, designed by IAME's aviation designers, is inspired by 1951 Chevrolets.
For sports car models, fiberglass (then a brand new technology) was used to reduce weight. After several prototypes were developed, a hardtop 2 + 2 version was released, of which 167 units were produced before production ceased.
Like other domestically produced cars, the Justicialista was made available to the middle and working class. It was manufactured in the IAME complex in the city of Cordoba. The assembly lines were manned by workers who had received military and technical training. The factory managers took a military management approach, making the factories an extension of the barracks.
Various models were made during the short life cycle. Those were the
- Justicialista 800 Sedan (M800 powered, a two-stroke V4 engine from Puch)
- Justicialista Gran Turismo
- Justicialista Gran Sport
- Justicialista van (Wartburg-powered)
- Justicialista truck
- Justicialista 'Graciela' sedan (Wartburg-powered)
- Gran Sport (a prototype of closed construction; it was shown at the Paris Motor Show during the military coup and never returned to Argentina)
End of production
In almost two years of manufacture, 2300 cars were produced between the Chatito, the vans and the sedans. The breakdown of this figure is difficult to determine. However, there are sources that have been able to find out the number of vehicles produced for some models; for example, it was determined that the 1954 IAME Justicialista had a production run of 200 cars, built from 1954 to 1955.
The new leadership imposed by the national government gave the assembly plant to the national car distributor Porsche; it was renamed Teramo. The layout of the Justicialista was changed, moving the engine to the rear, leading to the Puntero.
The Porsche link
Body style: 2-door coupé
Engine: 1.5L Porsche flat-4
Power: 55 hp
Torque: 78 ft-lbs
Weight: 750 kg
Transmission: manual with 4 gears
Drive: front engine, rear wheel drive
167 have been made